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Smelting and Furnace Ratios - Factorio Tutorial
 
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In this Factorio Tutorial I go over the ideal Smelting or Furnace Ratios for Factorio. To be more specific, the number of furnaces you need for each level of belt and each level of furnace, and how to achieve full belt compression using a nice trick with underground belt. There is also a compact and effecient Steel Smelter Design featured. Check out the last Factorio Ratios Video: https://youtu.be/tH8-CSbSqfc Here are the Furnace/Smelting Ratios: Stone Furnaces: - Yellow Belt = 48 furnaces total, 24 per side - Red Belt = 94-96 total, 47-48 per side - Blue Belt = 140 total, 70 per side Steel/Electric Furnaces: - Yellow Belt = 24 total, 12 per side - Red Belt = 48 total, 24 per side - Blue Belt = 70 total, 35-36 per side Google Cheat Sheet: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1wIexilsTFKRbMIWc1MOY5XaAOPwNEU0AGMbSTAwqa3Q/edit?usp=sharing You can view the rest of my Factorio Tutorials from the playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwehwVVQirAdFvXS6lorDv61qZvprb0rM Subscribe to keep up with new videos! ----------------------------------------------------- My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/Xterminator5 Discord Group: https://discord.gg/0rIlqgn3wPmrmtWm Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/xterminator5 Factorio Server Password: XTYTSub Outro Music: Rubik [NCS Release] Provided by NoCopyrightSounds You can find the track here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A2AydJcUKR8 Please check out the Artist by following these links! Electro-Light ➞ Facebook https://www.facebook.com/ElectroLight... ➞ Twitter https://twitter.com/ElectroLightEDM ➞ SoundCloud https://soundcloud.com/maskedacoustic Distrion ➞ SoundCloud https://soundcloud.com/distrion ➞ Facebook https://www.facebook.com/distrionmusic ➞ Twitter https://twitter.com/Distrionoficial
Views: 136856 Xterminator
How Steel is Made: "The Drama of Steel" 1946 Bureau of Mines; Iron Mine to Steel Mill
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ "This documentary film starts with the history of the steelmaking process, explaining the operation of the blast furnace and the open hearth furnace. It goes on to cover the mining of ore and limestone, transportation and coking of coal, open hearth and rolling mill operations, and plating and finishing. In addition, it also illustrates many of the applications of steel mill products. The film is partly animated." Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steelmaking Steelmaking is the second step in producing steel from iron ore. In this stage, impurities such as sulfur, phosphorus, and excess carbon are removed from the raw iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium and vanadium are added to produce the exact steel required. Older processes The earliest means of producing steel was in a bloomery. Early modern methods of producing steel were often labour-intensive and highly skilled arts... An important aspect of the industrial revolution was the development of large-scale methods of producing forgeable metal (bar iron or steel). The puddling furnace was initially a means of producing wrought iron, but was later applied to steel production. The real revolution in steelmaking only began at the end of the 1850s. The Bessemer process was the first successful method of steelmaking in quantity, followed by the open hearth furnace. Modern processes Modern steelmaking processes are broken into two categories: primary and secondary steelmaking. Primary steelmaking uses mostly new iron as the feedstock, usually from a blast furnace. Secondary steelmaking uses scrap steel as the primary raw material. Gases created during the production of steel can be used as a source of power. Primary steelmaking Basic oxygen steelmaking is a method of primary steelmaking in which carbon-rich molten pig iron is made into steel. Blowing oxygen through molten pig iron lowers the carbon content of the alloy and changes it into low-carbon steel. The process is known as basic due to the pH of the refractories—calcium oxide and magnesium oxide—that line the vessel to withstand the high temperature of molten metal. The process was developed in 1948 by Robert Durrer and commercialized in 1952--1953 by Austrian VOEST and ÖAMG. The LD converter, named after the Austrian towns Linz and Donawitz (a district of Leoben) is a refined version of the Bessemer converter where blowing of air is replaced with blowing oxygen. It reduced capital cost of the plants, time of smelting, and increased labor productivity. Between 1920 and 2000, labor requirements in the industry decreased by a factor of 1,000, from more than 3 worker-hours per tonne to just 0.003. The vast majority of steel manufactured in the world is produced using the basic oxygen furnace; in 2000, it accounted for 60% of global steel output. Modern furnaces will take a charge of iron of up to 350 tons and convert it into steel in less than 40 minutes, compared to 10--12 hours in an open hearth furnace. Secondary steelmaking Secondary steelmaking is most commonly performed in an electric arc furnace. HIsarna steelmaking The HIsarna steelmaking process is a process for primary steelmaking in which iron ore is processed almost directly into steel. The process is based around a new type of blast furnace called a Cyclone Converter Furnace, which makes it possible to skip the process of manufacturing pig iron pellets that is necessary for the basic oxygen steelmaking process. Without the necessity for this preparatory step the HIsarna process is more energy-efficient and has a lower carbon footprint than traditional steelmaking processes...
Views: 6388 Jeff Quitney
How Seamless Steel Tubing is Made: "Walls Without Welds" ~ 1950 US Steel Pipe Manufacturing
 
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Metals playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL64F10A579EB0A526 more at http://scitech.quickfound.net The process of manufacturing seamless steel pipe is shown in this segment from a larger film. Originally a public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pipe_(fluid_conveyance) Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ A pipe is a tubular section or hollow cylinder, usually but not necessarily of circular cross-section, used mainly to convey substances which can flow — liquids and gases (fluids), slurries, powders and masses of small solids. It can also be used for structural applications; hollow pipe is far stiffer per unit weight than solid members. In common usage the words pipe and tube are usually interchangeable, but in industry and engineering, the terms are uniquely defined. Depending on the applicable standard to which it is manufactured, pipe is generally specified by a nominal diameter with a constant outside diameter (OD) and a schedule that defines the thickness. Tube is most often specified by the OD and wall thickness, but may be specified by any two of OD, inside diameter (ID), and wall thickness. Pipe is generally manufactured to one of several international and national industrial standards.[1] While similar standards exist for specific industry application tubing, tube is often made to custom sizes and a broader range of diameters and tolerances. Many industrial and government standards exist for the production of pipe and tubing. The term "tube" is also commonly applied to non-cylindrical sections, i.e., square or rectangular tubing. In general, "pipe" is the more common term in most of the world, whereas "tube" is more widely used in the United States. Both "pipe" and "tube" imply a level of rigidity and permanence, whereas a hose (or hosepipe) is usually portable and flexible. Pipe assemblies are almost always constructed with the use of fittings such as elbows, tees, and so on, while tube may be formed or bent into custom configurations. For materials that are inflexible, cannot be formed, or where construction is governed by codes or standards, tube assemblies are also constructed with the use of tube fittings... There are three processes for metallic pipe manufacture. Centrifugal casting of hot alloyed metal is one of the most prominent process. Ductile iron pipes are generally manufactured in such a fashion. Seamless (SMLS) pipe is formed by drawing a solid billet over a piercing rod to create the hollow shell. As the manufacturing process does not include any welding, seamless pipes are perceived to be stronger and more reliable... Advances since the 1970s in materials, process control, and non-destructive testing, allow correctly specified welded pipe to replace seamless in many applications. Welded pipe is formed by rolling plate and welding the seam (usually by Electric resistance welding ("ERW"), or Electric Fusion Welding ("EFW")). The weld flash can be removed from both inner and outer surfaces using a scarfing blade. The weld zone can also be heat-treated to make the seam less visible. Welded pipe often have tighter dimensional tolerances than the seamless type, and can be cheaper to manufacture... ERW pipes are manufactured from the longitudinal welding of steel. The welding process for ERW pipes is continuous, as opposed to welding of distinct sections at intervals. ERW process uses steel coil as feedstock. The High Frequency Induction Technology (HFI) welding process is used for manufacturing ERW pipes. In this process, the current to weld the pipe is applied by means of an induction coil around the tube... Large-diameter pipe (25 centimetres (10 in) or greater) may be ERW, EFW or Submerged Arc Welded ("SAW") pipe. There are two technologies that can be used to manufacture steel pipes of sizes larger than the steel pipes that can be produced by seamless and ERW processes. The two types of pipes produced through these technologies are longitudinal-submerged arc-welded (LSAW) and spiral-submerged arc-welded (SSAW) pipes. LSAW are made by bending and welding wide steel plates and most commonly used in oil and gas industry applications... SSAW pipes are produced by spiral (helicoidal) welding of steel coil and have a cost advantage over LSAW pipes, as the process uses coils rather than steel plates... Both LSAW pipes and SSAW pipes compete against ERW pipes and seamless pipes in the diameter ranges of 16”-24”. Tubing for flow, either metal or plastic, is generally extruded...
Views: 193999 Jeff Quitney
Titanium: The Ninth Element 1954 Titanium Pigment Corp; Titanium Mining & Processing
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html 9th most common element in the Earth's crust. "Great industrial stock shots: mining, factory, mill, spinning globe, laboratory, test labs, minerals. Beautifully shot industrial production. Woman in 1950s-style kitchen. Periodic table of elements. Titanium dioxide paint. High quality industrial! Good spinning globe... Some water damage to emulsion, which makes good effect. " Public domain film from the Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titanium Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density and high strength. It is highly resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia and chlorine. Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, Great Britain, by William Gregor in 1791 and named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth for the Titans of Greek mythology. The element occurs within a number of mineral deposits, principally rutile and ilmenite, which are widely distributed in Earth's crust and lithosphere, and it is found in almost all living things, rocks, water bodies, and soils. The metal is extracted from its principal mineral ores via the Kroll process or the Hunter process. Its most common compound, titanium dioxide, is a popular photocatalyst and is used in the manufacture of white pigments. Other compounds include titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4), a component of smoke screens and catalysts; and titanium trichloride (TiCl3), which is used as a catalyst in the production of polypropylene. Titanium can be alloyed with iron, aluminium, vanadium, and molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong, lightweight alloys for aerospace (jet engines, missiles, and spacecraft), military, industrial process (chemicals and petro-chemicals, desalination plants, pulp, and paper), automotive, agri-food, medical prostheses, orthopedic implants, dental and endodontic instruments and files, dental implants, sporting goods, jewelry, mobile phones, and other applications. The two most useful properties of the metal are corrosion resistance and the highest strength-to-density ratio of any metallic element. In its unalloyed condition, titanium is as strong as some steels, but less dense. There are two allotropic forms and five naturally occurring isotopes of this element, 46Ti through 50Ti, with 48Ti being the most abundant (73.8%). Although they have the same number of valence electrons and are in the same group in the periodic table, titanium and zirconium differ in many chemical and physical properties... About 95% of titanium ore extracted from the Earth is destined for refinement into titanium dioxide (TiO2), an intensely white permanent pigment used in paints, paper, toothpaste, and plastics. It is also used in cement, in gemstones, as an optical opacifier in paper, and a strengthening agent in graphite composite fishing rods and golf clubs. TiO2 powder is chemically inert, resists fading in sunlight, and is very opaque: this allows it to impart a pure and brilliant white color to the brown or gray chemicals that form the majority of household plastics. In nature, this compound is found in the minerals anatase, brookite, and rutile. Paint made with titanium dioxide does well in severe temperatures, and stands up to marine environments. Pure titanium dioxide has a very high index of refraction and an optical dispersion higher than diamond. In addition to being a very important pigment, titanium dioxide is also used in sunscreens due to its ability to protect skin by itself...
Views: 16829 Jeff Quitney
How Lead is Mined & Refined: A Story Of Lead 1948 US Bureau of Mines; Lead Metal Mining & Refining
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html "Portrays mining operations in the lead belt of southeast Missouri--the crushing of ore, smelting, refining and other steps in the production of pig lead." Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead Lead has been commonly used for thousands of years because it is widespread, easy to extract and easy to work with. It is highly malleable as well as easy to smelt. Metallic lead beads dating back to 6400 BCE have been found in Çatalhöyük in modern-day Turkey. In the early Bronze Age, lead was used with antimony and arsenic. The largest preindustrial producer of lead was the Roman economy, with an estimated annual output of 80,000 tonnes, which was typically won as a by-product of extensive silver smelting. Roman mining activities occurred in Central Europe, Roman Britain, the Balkans, Greece, Asia Minor and Hispania which alone accounted for 40% of world production. Roman lead pipes often bore the insignia of Roman emperors (see Roman lead pipe inscriptions). Lead plumbing in the Latin West may have been continued beyond the age of Theoderic the Great into the medieval period. Many Roman "pigs" (ingots) of lead figure in Derbyshire lead mining history and in the history of the industry in other English centers. The Romans also used lead in molten form to secure iron pins that held together large limestone blocks in certain monumental buildings. In alchemy, lead was thought to be the oldest metal and was associated with the planet Saturn. Alchemists accordingly used Saturn's symbol (the scythe, ♄) to refer to lead. Up to the 17th century, tin was often not distinguished from lead: lead was called plumbum nigrum (literally, "black lead"), while tin was called plumbum candidum (literally, "bright lead")... Most ores contain less than 10% lead, and ores containing as little as 3% lead can be economically exploited. Ores are crushed and concentrated by froth flotation typically to 70% or more. Sulfide ores are roasted, producing primarily lead oxide and a mixture of sulfates and silicates of lead and other metals contained in the ore. Lead oxide from the roasting process is reduced in a coke-fired blast furnace to the metal. Additional layers separate in the process and float to the top of the metallic lead. These are slag (silicates containing 1.5% lead), matte (sulfides containing 15% lead), and speiss (arsenides of iron and copper). These wastes contain concentrations of copper, zinc, cadmium, and bismuth that can be recovered economically, as can their content of unreduced lead. Metallic lead that results from the roasting and blast furnace processes still contains significant contaminants of arsenic, antimony, bismuth, zinc, copper, silver, and gold. The melt is treated in a reverberatory furnace with air, steam, and sulfur, which oxidizes the contaminants except silver, gold, and bismuth. The oxidized contaminants are removed by drossing, where they float to the top and are skimmed off. Since lead ores contain significant concentrations of silver, the smelted metal also is commonly contaminated with silver. Metallic silver as well as gold is removed and recovered economically by means of the Parkes process. Desilvered lead is freed of bismuth according to the Betterton-Kroll process by treating it with metallic calcium and magnesium, which forms a bismuth dross that can be skimmed off. Very pure lead can be obtained by processing smelted lead electrolytically by means of the Betts process. The process uses anodes of impure lead and cathodes of pure lead in an electrolyte of silica fluoride...
Views: 13211 Jeff Quitney
Electroforming: A Tour Through The Process (3D Animation)
 
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Electroforming is an additive manufacturing process specialized for the production of high precision metal parts. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that you can grow metal parts atom by atom, providing absolute accuracy and high aspect ratios. This 3D animation illustrates the Electroforming process step by step, giving a detailed introduction to how the technology works in practice. To learn more about Electroforming, download the free whitepaper electroforming: http://insights.vecoprecision.com/en/whitepaper-electroforming
Views: 3293 Veco Precision
Prairie Mining aims to bring cheap coking coal to European steel producers | IG
 
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Jeremy Naylor is joined by Ben Stoikovich, Prairie Mining, to discuss its production of coking coal in Poland. It says that it has the economic dynamic that will enable it to undercut almost all other coking coal suppliers. ► Learn more about IG: https://www.ig.com ► Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/IGIndexSpreadBetting Twitter: https://twitter.com/IGcom Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/IGcom LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/igcom Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.iggroup.android.cfd&hl=en_GB IG empowers informed, decisive, adventurous people to access opportunities in over 15,000 financial markets. With a strong focus on innovation and technology, the company puts client needs at the heart of everything it does. IG’s vision is to be a global leader in retail trading and investments. Established in 1974 as the world’s first financial spread betting firm, it continued leading the way by launching the world’s first online and iPhone trading services. IG is now an award-winning, multi-platform trading company, the world’s No.1 provider of CFDs* and a global leader in forex. It provides leveraged services with the option of limited-risk guarantees, and offers an execution-only share dealing service in the UK, Ireland, Germany, France, Australia, Austria and the Netherlands. IG has recently launched a range of affordable, fully managed investment portfolios, to provide a fully comprehensive offering to investors and active traders worldwide. *Based on revenue excluding FX (from published financial statements, October 2016)
Views: 702 IG UK
Aluminum Refining & Manufacturing: Aluminum (Aluminium) 1941 Office of Production Management
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ "Shows the making of aluminum from the mining of the ore [bauxite mining] to its use in airplanes. Bauxite is mined in Dutch Guiana, shipped to the U.S. and processed in an aluminum plant. The ore is changed from rock to liquid and then to metal. Shows the rolling of long sheets of the metals Shows the construction of new aluminum plants, dams and power plants, and rolling mills--all essential for aluminum production. Includes many brief shots of military airplanes." see also: "Aluminum on the March" 1956 Reynolds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EujDjXSN-Q "Dateline Tomorrow" Alcoa http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oMYqfirqsic Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium Aluminium or aluminum... is a silvery white member of the boron group of chemical elements. It has the symbol Al, and its atomic number is 13. It is not soluble in water under normal circumstances. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth's crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth's solid surface... The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite. Aluminium is remarkable for the metal's low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas... Despite its prevalence in the environment, aluminium salts are not known to be used by any form of life. In keeping with its pervasiveness, aluminium is well tolerated by plants and animals. Due to their prevalence, potential beneficial (or otherwise) biological roles of aluminium compounds are of continuing interest. Physical Aluminium is a soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, depending on the surface roughness. Aluminium is nonmagnetic and does not easily ignite. A fresh film of aluminium film serves as a good reflector (approximately 92%) of visible light and an excellent reflector (as much as 98%) of medium and far infrared radiation... Aluminium has about one-third the density and stiffness of steel. It is easily machined, cast, drawn and extruded. Corrosion resistance can be excellent due to a thin surface layer of aluminium oxide that forms when the metal is exposed to air, effectively preventing further oxidation. The strongest aluminium alloys are less corrosion resistant due to galvanic reactions with alloyed copper. This corrosion resistance is also often greatly reduced when many aqueous salts are present, particularly in the presence of dissimilar metals. Aluminium atoms are arranged in a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure... Aluminium is one of the few metals that retain full silvery reflectance in finely powdered form, making it an important component of silver-colored paints... Aluminium forms strong chemical bonds with oxygen. Compared to most other metals, it is difficult to extract from ore, such as bauxite, due to the energy required to reduce aluminium oxide (Al2O3). For example, direct reduction with carbon, as is used to produce iron, is not chemically possible because aluminium is a stronger reducing agent than carbon. Indirect carbothermic reduction can be carried out using carbon and Al2O3, which forms an intermediate Al4C3 and this can further yield aluminium metal at a temperature of 1900--2000 °C. This process is still under development; it requires less energy and yields less CO2 than the Hall-Héroult process, the major industrial process for aluminium extraction. Because of the high melting point of aluminium oxide (about 2,000 °C (3,600 °F)) the pure metal is extracted by electrolysis. In this process, aluminium oxide is dissolved in molten cryolite with calcium fluoride and then reduced to aluminium at a temperature between 950 and 980 °C (1,740 to 1,800 °F). Cryolite is a chemical compound of aluminium and sodium fluorides: (Na3AlF6). Although cryolite is found as a mineral in Greenland, its synthetic form is used in the industry. The aluminium oxide is obtained by refining bauxite in the Bayer process. The electrolytic process replaced the Wöhler process, which involved the reduction of anhydrous aluminium chloride with potassium....
Views: 2853 Jeff Quitney
Mega Mining Machine In The World - Discover Heavyweight Manufacture | Technology Connections
 
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Mega Mining Machine In The World - Discover Heavyweight Manufacture | Technology Connections Heavy equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations. They are also known as heavy machines, heavy trucks, construction equipment, engineering equipment, heavy vehicles, or heavy hydraulics. They usually comprise five equipment systems: implement, traction, structure, power train, control and information.[1] Heavy equipment functions through the mechanical advantage of a simple machine, the ratio between input force applied and force exerted is multiplied. Some equipment uses hydraulic drives as a primary source of motion. global technology technology in education
How Copper is Mined and Refined: A Story Of Copper 1951 US Bureau of Mines
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html "Tells the story of the mining and manufacture of copper from the crude ore to the finished product. lots of footage of giant machines, some blasting." Public domain film, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_extraction_techniques Copper extraction techniques refers to the methods for obtaining copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of chemical, physical, and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors. As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated). To do this, the ore is crushed. Then it must be roasted to convert sulfides to oxides, which are smelted to produce matte. Finally, it undergoes various refining processes, the final one being electrolysis. For economic and environmental reasons, many of the byproducts of extraction are reclaimed. Sulfur dioxide gas, for example, is captured and turned into sulfuric acid — which is then used in the extraction process... History The earliest evidence of cold-hammering of native copper comes from the excavation at Çaÿonü Tepesi in eastern Anatolia. The radiocarbon date is 7250 ± 250 BCE. Among the various items considered to be votive or amulets there was one that looked like a fishhook and one like an awl. An archaeological site in southeastern Europe (Serbia) contains the oldest securely dated evidence of copper making at high temperature, from 7,000 years ago. The find in June 2010 extends the known record of copper smelting by about 500 years, and suggests that copper smelting may have been invented in separate parts of Asia and Europe at that time rather than spreading from a single source. Copper smelting technology gave rise to the Copper Age and then the Bronze Age. Concentration Most copper ores contain only a small percentage of copper metal bound up within valuable ore minerals, with the remainder of the ore being unwanted rock or gangue minerals, typically silicate minerals or oxide minerals for which there is often no value. The average grade of copper ores in the 21st century is below 0.6% copper, with a proportion of economic ore minerals (including copper) being less than 2% of the total volume of the ore rock. A key objective in the metallurgical treatment of any ore is the separation of ore minerals from gangue minerals within the rock. The first stage of any process within a metallurgical treatment circuit is accurate grinding or comminution, where the rock is crushed to produce small particles... Subsequent steps depend on the nature of the ore containing the copper. For oxide ores, a hydrometallurgical liberation process is normally undertaken, which uses the soluble nature of the ore minerals to the advantage of the metallurgical treatment plant. For sulfide ores, both secondary (supergene) and primary (hypogene), froth flotation is used to physically separate ore from gangue. For special native copper bearing ore bodies or sections of ore bodies rich in supergene native copper, this mineral can be recovered by a simple gravity circuit... Until the latter half of the 20th century, smelting sulfide ores was almost the sole means of producing copper metal from mined ores (primary copper production)... The copper is refined by electrolysis. The anodes cast from processed blister copper are placed into an aqueous solution of 3–4% copper sulfate and 10–16% sulfuric acid. Cathodes are thin rolled sheets of highly pure copper or, more commonly these days, reusable stainless steel starting sheets (as in the IsaKidd process). A potential of only 0.2–0.4 volts is required for the process to commence. At the anode, copper and less noble metals dissolve. More noble metals such as silver, gold, selenium, and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as anode slime, which forms a salable byproduct. Copper(II) ions migrate through the electrolyte to the cathode. At the cathode, copper metal plates out, but less noble constituents such as arsenic and zinc remain in solution unless a higher voltage is used. The reactions are: At the anode: Cu(s) → Cu2+(aq) + 2e− At the cathode: Cu2+(aq) + 2e− → Cu(s)...
Views: 59384 Jeff Quitney
Aluminum on the March 1956 Reynolds Metals Company
 
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Metals playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL64F10A579EB0A526 more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ Aluminum production process including mining bauxite in Arkansas and Jamaica, shipping Jamaican ore from Ocho Rios, reduction of the bauxite at plants in the US., and manufacturing of aluminum ingots and forming aluminum sheets and custom parts. Animated intro is similar to contemporary Lucky Strike and Rheingold beer commercials. "How aluminum contributes to everyday living and national defense: appliances, packaging, airplanes, etc. With great stop-motion animation." Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium Aluminium... is a silvery white member of the boron group of chemical elements. It has the symbol Al, and its atomic number is 13. It is not soluble in water under normal circumstances. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth's crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth's solid surface. Aluminium metal is too reactive chemically to occur natively. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals. The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite. Aluminium is remarkable for the metal's low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas of transportation and structural materials. The most useful compounds of aluminium, at least on a weight basis, are the oxides and sulfates... Physical Aluminium is a soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, depending on the surface roughness. Aluminium is nonmagnetic and does not easily ignite. A fresh film of aluminium film serves as a good reflector (approximately 92%) of visible light and an excellent reflector (as much as 98%) of medium and far infrared radiation. The yield strength of pure aluminium is 7--11 MPa, while aluminium alloys have yield strengths ranging from 200 MPa to 600 MPa. Aluminium has about one-third the density and stiffness of steel. It is easily machined, cast, drawn and extruded. Corrosion resistance can be excellent due to a thin surface layer of aluminium oxide that forms when the metal is exposed to air, effectively preventing further oxidation. The strongest aluminium alloys are less corrosion resistant due to galvanic reactions with alloyed copper. This corrosion resistance is also often greatly reduced when many aqueous salts are present, particularly in the presence of dissimilar metals... Aluminium mirror finish has the highest reflectance of any metal in the 200--400 nm (UV) and the 3,000--10,000 nm (far IR) regions; in the 400--700 nm visible range it is slightly outperformed by tin and silver and in the 700--3000 (near IR) by silver, gold, and copper. Aluminium is a good thermal and electrical conductor, having 59% the conductivity of copper, both thermal and electrical... Aluminium forms strong chemical bonds with oxygen. Compared to most other metals, it is difficult to extract from ore, such as bauxite, due to the energy required to reduce aluminium oxide (Al2O3)... Aluminium electrolysis with the Hall-Héroult process consumes a lot of energy, but alternative processes were always found to be less viable economically and/or ecologically... In 2005, the People's Republic of China was the top producer of aluminium with almost a one-fifth world share, followed by Russia, Canada, and the USA, reports the British Geological Survey... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynolds... The Reynolds Metals Company was founded in 1919 as the U.S. Foil Company in Louisville, Kentucky by Richard S. Reynolds, Sr., a nephew of tobacco king R. J. Reynolds. Initially, the new company supplied lead and tin foil wrappers to cigarette and candy companies. In 1924, the U.S. Foil purchased the manufacturer of Eskimo Pies, which were wrapped in foil. In 1928, Reynolds purchased Robertshaw Thermostat, Fulton Sylphon, and part of Beechnut Foil, adding them to U.S. Foil to create Reynolds Metals... The company began producing aluminum foil for packaging in 1926.
Views: 3660 Jeff Quitney
Anthracite Coal Mining: "Black Sunlight" circa 1920s Bray Studios
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ "On anthracite coal mining--with animation showing how coal was created underground--Pan over valley in anthracite region of Pennsylvania -- strip mining deep mining--mining footage -- cars of crude coal to breaker removing waste from coal -- pile of tailing -- sizing of coal pieces loading on railroad cars -- pan over loaded railcars, trains rolling." Silent. NEW VERSION with improved video & sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUTcnq0Lg90 Earth Sciences, mining, oil, etc. playlist:: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL33B1A9216BB65F7A Originally a public domain film from the Prelinger Archive, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthracite Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Anthracite... is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a high luster. It has the highest carbon content, the fewest impurities, and the highest calorific content of all types of coals, which also include bituminous coal and lignite. Anthracite is the most metamorphosed type of coal (but still represents low-grade metamorphism), in which the carbon content is between 92.1% and 98%... Anthracite ignites with difficulty and burns with a short, blue, and smokeless flame. Anthracite is categorized into standard grade, which is used mainly in power generation, and high grade (HG) and ultra high grade (UHG), the principal uses of which are in the metallurgy sector. Anthracite accounts for about 1% of global coal reserves, and is mined in only a few countries around the world. China accounts for the lion's share of production; other producers are Russia, Ukraine, North Korea, Vietnam, the UK, Australia and the US. Total production in 2010 was 670 million tons... Terminology Other terms which refer to anthracite are black coal, hard coal, stone coal (not to be confused with the German Steinkohle or Dutch steenkool which are broader terms meaning all varieties of coal of a stonelike hardness and appearance, like bituminous coal and often anthracite as well, as opposed to lignite, which is softer), blind coal (in Scotland), Kilkenny coal (in Ireland), crow coal (or craw coal from its shiny black appearance), and black diamond. "Blue Coal" is the term for a once-popular and trademarked brand... Anthracite is similar in appearance to the mineraloid jet and is sometimes used as a jet imitation. Anthracite differs from ordinary bituminous coal by its greater hardness, its higher relative density of 1.3--1.4, and lustre, which is often semi-metallic with a mildly brown reflection. It contains a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of volatile matter... The moisture content of fresh-mined anthracite generally is less than 15 percent. The heat content of anthracite ranges from 22 to 28 million Btu per short ton (26 to 33 MJ/kg) on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis... Anthracite may be considered to be a transition stage between ordinary bituminous and graphite, produced by the more or less complete elimination of the volatile constituents of the former... History of mining and use In southwest Wales, anthracite has been burned as a domestic fuel since at least medieval times. It was mined near Saundersfoot. In the United States, anthracite coal history began in 1790 in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, with the discovery of coal made by the hunter Necho Allen in what is now known as the Coal Region... By 1795, an anthracite-fired iron furnace had been built on the Schuylkill River... In spring 1808, John and Abijah Smith shipped the first commercially mined load of anthracite down the Susquehanna River from Plymouth, Pennsylvania, marking the birth of commercial anthracite mining in the United States. From that first mine, production rose to an all-time high of over 100 million tons in 1917. From the late 19th century until the 1950s, anthracite was the most popular fuel for heating homes and other buildings in the northern United States... Many large public buildings, such as schools, were heated with anthracite-burning furnaces through the 1980s... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining The goal of coal mining is to obtain coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United States, United Kingdom, and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery... Coal mining has had a lot of developments over the recent years, from the early days of men tunneling, digging and manually extracting the coal on carts to large open cut and long wall mines. Mining at this scale requires the use of draglines, trucks, conveyor, jacks and shearers...
Views: 38935 Jeff Quitney
How Sulphur is Mined: Sulphur circa 1949  Bureau of Mines
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html "Shows how sulfur is extracted from the earth and processed." Public domain film, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulfur Sulfur or sulphur (see spelling differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16. It is an abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid when at room temperature. Chemically, sulfur can react as either an oxidant or a reducing agent. It oxidizes most metals and several nonmetals, including carbon, which leads to its negative charge in most organosulfur compounds, but it reduces several strong oxidants, such as oxygen and fluorine. Sulfur occurs naturally as the pure element (native sulfur) and as sulfide and sulfate minerals. Elemental sulfur crystals are commonly sought after by mineral collectors for their distinct, brightly colored polyhedron shapes. Being abundant in native form, sulfur was known in ancient times, mentioned for its uses in ancient India, ancient Greece, China and Egypt. Fumes from burning sulfur were used as fumigants, and sulfur-containing medicinal mixtures were used as balms and antiparasitics. Sulfur is referred to in the Bible as brimstone (burn stone) in English, with this name still used in several nonscientific tomes. It was needed to make the best quality of black gunpowder. In 1777, Antoine Lavoisier helped convince the scientific community that sulfur was a basic element rather than a compound. Elemental sulfur was once extracted from salt domes where it sometimes occurs in nearly pure form, but this method has been obsolete since the late 20th century. Today, almost all elemental sulfur is produced as a byproduct of removing sulfur-containing contaminants from natural gas and petroleum. The element's largest commercial use (after mostly being converted to sulfuric acid) is to produce sulfate and phosphate fertilizers, because of the relatively high requirement of plants for sulfur and phosphorus. Sulfuric acid is also a primary industrial chemical outside fertilizer manufacture. Other well-known uses for the element are in matches, insecticides and fungicides. Many sulfur compounds are odoriferous, and the smell of odorized natural gas, skunk scent, grapefruit, and garlic is due to sulfur compounds. Hydrogen sulfide produced by living organisms imparts the characteristic odor to rotting eggs and other biological processes. Sulfur is an essential element for all life, and is widely used in biochemical processes. In metabolic reactions, sulfur compounds serve as both fuels (electron donors) and respiratory (oxygen-alternative) materials (electron acceptors). Sulfur in organic form is present in the vitamins biotin and thiamine, the latter being named for the Greek word for sulfur. Sulfur is an important part of many enzymes and in antioxidant molecules like glutathione and thioredoxin. Organically bonded sulfur is a component of all proteins, as the amino acids cysteine and methionine. Disulfide bonds are largely responsible for the mechanical strength and insolubility of the protein keratin, found in outer skin, hair, and feathers, and the element contributes to their pungent odor when burned...
Views: 10209 Jeff Quitney
Silver to Gold Price to Reach 1:10 Ratio! Mining Expert Steve St. Angelo Interview
 
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Gold & Silver Prices to Skyrocket in 2016, Our Top Investment Idea: http://CrushTheStreet.com/Fortune China's rise, energy & oil shale collapse, world debt levels growing exponential & More: This has got to be our best interview of the year! Steve St. Angelo is an energy, metals and mining expert with statistics and information you simply cannot get from anyone else. The stats WILL shock even a veteran in the alternative economic space and this is a must watch for everyone especially with the IMF SDR basket to add the Chinese Yuan less than one month from this release. TOPICS IN THIS INTERIVEW: 02:30 Diminishing Energy Returns: Something other PM Analysts Don't Talk About 04:55 History of Oil and energy return on Investment 06:00 Technology Does Not Mean More Energy Return 06:50 $13.5 Trillion in Bonds at Negative Interest Rates 07:45 Supply vs Demand of Oil - Price to Collapse to $0 10:00 $12 per barrel Oil by 2020 Prediction 12:40 Global Silver production to crash 75% by 2025 16:20 Debt Collapse, base metal mines close, Gold/Silver Spike 17:30 2.2 Billion Oz of Gold Investment, 2.5 Billion Oz of Silver 19:40 $3 Trillion in Gold, Only $50 Billion in Silver 20:50 Silver Could reach 1:10 Ratio to Gold's Price 21:20 Pivot East: SDR Backed Bond with Yuan in IMF's basket 23:00 China will Announce Significantly Higher Gold Reserves 25:10 Indian Gold Buying Season to spike Gold Price 2016 26:00 Yuan in SDR Oct 1st will Change World Financial System; US Dollar & America's world position is in jeopardy 27:30 Earthquakes from Shale oil to add to crash 29:20 Waste water a huge problem from fracking 34:30 Debt Growth worse than exponential, collapse soon 36:20 Get more from Steve & Buy Metals from Tom Cloud Get more from Steve St. Angelo at: http://SRSRoccoReport.com Precious Metals Investing Link with Steve & Tom Cloud: https://srsroccoreport.com/precious-metals-investing
Views: 61450 Crush The Street
High recovery ratio saving water mining equipment for gold, tin, gem, copper etc.
 
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Mining equipment machinery manufacturer offers mining equipment accessory for gold and tin, gem, gemstone, metal, mineral, construction equipment distributor. We are professional beneficiation and separating machine manufacturer. Can supply all kind of mining equipments, like Trommel, Sluice, Hopper, Conveyor, Rolling Sieve, Shaking Sieve, Centrifugal Concentrator, Jigging sluice, Gold carpet, etc... We can make a special mineral processing approach for you with least cost & simplest way. We can provide the most suitable whole set equipments for your ore. We can provide you the best price & the best service. We also provide all small/lab testing mining equipment, welcome to contact me for the details If you need more information of our machines or gold mining technology, please do not hesitate to contact me at Email: silvia@shakingtable.net Skype: silvia3377168 Mobile: +86-18296775735
Views: 272 Silvia Wen
Precious Metals Mining in Bolivia to 2020 – a Focus on the Silver Industry
 
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In 2013, Bolivian silver mine or metal content in the ore production was 44.1 million ounces, accounting for a share of around 5% of global production. At the end of the forecast year 2020, silver mine production is estimated to reach 48.7 million ounces, should production commence at the Pulacayo mine in addition to contribution from the San Cristobal and other currently active mines. To get details at: http://www.reportscue.com/precious-metals-mining-in-bolivia-to-2020-a-focus-on-the-silver-industry-market
Views: 33 Reports Cue
This Is What One Mining CEO Thinks Could Happen To Silver
 
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Silver, when compared to the price of gold, is overdue for a rebound, said Eric Fier, CEO of SilverCrest Metals. “If you look at the gold-silver ratio…we’re at 80 to 1 right now. The last bear market, that was the bottom too, so I got the feeling we’re looking at a pretty good recovery,” Fier told Kitco News on the sidelines of the PDAC 2018. Fier noted that a rally in silver would be a gradual process. “[Recoveries] never come drastically, it’s always just working its way up, and I think we’re there,” he said. ________________________________________________________________ Kitco News is the world’s #1 source of metals market information. Our videos feature interviews with prominent industry figures to bring you market-affecting insights, with the goal of helping people make informed investment decisions. Subscribe to our channel to stay up to date on the latest insights moving the metals markets. For more breaking news, visit http://www.kitco.com/ Follow us on social media: Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/KitcoNews/?ref=br_rs Twitter - https://twitter.com/kitconewsnow Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/116266490328854474588 StockTwits - https://stocktwits.com/kitconews Live gold price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/gold-price-today-usa/ Live silver price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/silver-price-today-usa/ Don’t forget to sign up for Kitco News’ Weekly Roundup – comes out every Friday to recap the hottest stories & videos of the week: https://connect.kitco.com/subscription/newsletter.html Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: https://gold-forum.kitco.com/ Disclaimer: Videos are not trading advice and the views expressed may not reflect those of Kitco Metals Inc.
Views: 5096 Kitco NEWS
Postwar Germany: "A Family of the Industrial Ruhr" 1958 McGraw-Hill Text-Films
 
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more at http://quickfound.net/ "Examines the varied activities in the life of an average working man's family in a German industrial city after World War II." NEW VERSION with improved video & sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wImHw38pqRM Public domain film from the Prelinger Archive, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhr Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ The Ruhr (German pronunciation: [ˈʁuːɐ̯], German: Ruhrgebiet), or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region or Ruhr valley, is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With a population density of 2,800/km² and a population of some eight and a half million, it is the largest urban agglomeration in Germany. It consists of several large, industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to the north. In the Southwest it borders the Bergisches Land. It is considered part of the larger Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region of more than 12 million people. From west to east, the region includes the cities of Duisburg, Oberhausen, Bottrop, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Bochum, Herne, Hagen, Dortmund, and Hamm, as well as parts of the more "rural" districts of Wesel, Recklinghausen, Unna and Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis. The biggest city in the Ruhr by area and population is Dortmund, the administrative center is Essen with roughly the same number of inhabitants. Historically, the western Ruhr towns, such as Duisburg and Essen, belonged to the historic region of the Rhineland, whereas the eastern part of the Ruhr, including Gelsenkirchen, Bochum, Dortmund and Hamm, were part of the region of Westphalia. Since the 19th century, these districts have grown together into a large complex with a vast industrial landscape, inhabited by some 7.3 million people (including Düsseldorf and Wuppertal). It is the fifth largest urban area in Europe after Istanbul, Moscow, London and Paris... From 1860 onwards there was large-scale migration from Silesia, Pomerania, East Prussia and Posen to the Ruhr... By the end of the Prussian Kingdom in 1870, over 3 million people lived in the Ruhrgebiet and the new coal-mining district had become the largest industrial region of Europe. During World War I the Ruhrgebiet functioned as Germany's central weapon factory... In March 1921, French and Belgian troops occupied Duisburg, which under the Treaty of Versailles formed part of the demilitarized Rhineland. In January 1923 the whole Ruhrgebiet was occupied as a reprisal after Germany failed to fulfill World War I reparation payments as agreed in the Versailles Treaty. The German government responded with "passive resistance"... Passive resistance was called off in late 1923, allowing Germany to implement a currency reform and to negotiate the Dawes Plan, which led to the withdrawal of the French and Belgian troops from the Ruhr in 1925. During World War II, the bombing of the Ruhr in 1940-44 caused a loss of 30% of plant and equipment (compared to 15--20% for German industry as a whole). A second battle of the Ruhr (6/7 October 1944--end of 1944) began with an attack on Dortmund. In addition to the strategic bombing of the Ruhr, in April 1945, the Allies trapped several hundred thousand Wehrmacht troops in the Ruhr Pocket. After the war, the Level of Industry plans for Germany abolished all German munitions factories and civilian industries that could support them and severely restricted civilian industries of military potential... During the Cold War, the Western allies anticipated that any Red Army thrust into Western Europe would begin in the Fulda Gap and have the Ruhr as a primary target... By 1950, after the virtual completion of the by-then much watered-down "level of industry" plans, equipment had been removed from 706 manufacturing plants in the west, and steel production capacity had been reduced by 6.7 million tons. Dismantling finally ended in 1951. In all, less than 5% of the industrial base was dismantled. The Ruhr was at the center of the German economic miracle of the 1950s and 1960s, as very rapid economic growth (9% a year) created a heavy demand for coal and steel.
Views: 23620 Jeff Quitney
Deep Draw Metal Stamper - Seven Ranges
 
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Seven Ranges Manufacturing Corp. is another preferred American supplier of contract manufacturing services you will find only at a Design-2-Part trade show at http://www.d2p.com. The Deep Draw and Metal Stamping Manufacturer for Customers who DEMAND Quality Reiteration in Metal Stamping. Deep draw metal stamping is what they do best at Seven Ranges Mfg. Corp. The art of creating a true deep drawn metal stamping, such as a metal enclosure, a steel filter and tank shells, or stainless steel canister, is a process that few companies have mastered; however, at Seven Ranges, it is done everyday with reliable precision. Dedication to quality, precise metal stamping production control and rapid response time have allowed them to successfully serve the needs of the Automotive (OEM's and Aftermarket), Recreational, Agriculture, Lighting, Medical, Compressor, Refrigeration, Appliance, and Mining industries for 30 years. Seven Ranges is a 4 to 1 ratio deep drawn metal stamping house that is well diversified with carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, copper, and brass materials. In addition, is also experienced in stamping with exotic materials such as Hastelloy, Monel, and Inconel. Seven Ranges is known for heavy gauge, high volume stamping and can customize stamping jobs for medium volume, medium run and short run stamping jobs that will fit your budget and time frame.
Nickel 1935 US Bureau of Mines; How Nickel Metal is Mined and Refined
 
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more at: http://scitech.quickfound.net "Reel 1, nickel ore is mined, pulverized, and processed to extract nickel sulphide. Reel 2 shows the manufacture of nickel-copper alloy and many of its uses. Famous objects using the alloy include a record-holding speed boat, a zephyr train, an auto racer, and the liner Normandie." Silent, with title cards. Public domain film slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickel Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28. It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile. Pure nickel shows a significant chemical activity that can be observed when nickel is powdered to maximize the exposed surface area on which reactions can occur, but larger pieces of the metal are slow to react with air at ambient conditions due to the formation of a protective oxide surface. Even then, nickel is reactive enough with oxygen that native nickel is rarely found on Earth's surface, being mostly confined to the interiors of larger nickel–iron meteorites that were protected from oxidation during their time in space. On Earth, such native nickel is found in combination with iron, a reflection of those elements' origin as major end products of supernova nucleosynthesis. An iron–nickel mixture is thought to compose Earth's inner core. The use of nickel (as a natural meteoric nickel–iron alloy) has been traced as far back as 3500 BCE. Nickel was first isolated and classified as a chemical element in 1751 by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, who initially mistook its ore for a copper mineral. The element's name comes from a mischievous sprite of German miner mythology, Nickel (similar to Old Nick), that personified the fact that copper-nickel ores resisted refinement into copper. An economically important source of nickel is the iron ore limonite, which often contains 1-2% nickel. Nickel's other important ore minerals include garnierite, and pentlandite. Major production sites include the Sudbury region in Canada (which is thought to be of meteoric origin), New Caledonia in the Pacific, and Norilsk in Russia. Because of nickel's slow rate of oxidation at room temperature, it is considered corrosion-resistant. Historically, this has led to its use for plating metals such as iron and brass, coating chemistry equipment, and manufacturing certain alloys that retain a high silvery polish, such as German silver. About 6% of world nickel production is still used for corrosion-resistant pure-nickel plating. Nickel-plated items are noted for provoking nickel allergy. Nickel has been widely used in coins, though its rising price has led to some replacement with cheaper metals in recent years. Nickel is one of four elements that are ferromagnetic around room temperature. Alnico permanent magnets based partly on nickel are of intermediate strength between iron-based permanent magnets and rare-earth magnets. The metal is chiefly valuable in the modern world for the alloys it forms; about 60% of world production is used in nickel-steels (particularly stainless steel). Other common alloys, as well as some new superalloys, make up most of the remainder of world nickel use, with chemical uses for nickel compounds consuming less than 3% of production. As a compound, nickel has a number of niche chemical manufacturing uses, such as a catalyst for hydrogenation. Enzymes of some microorganisms and plants contain nickel as an active site, which makes the metal an essential nutrient for them...
Views: 5126 Jeff Quitney
Taconite: "Iron Country: Iron Ore and Minnesota's Future" 1952 Lake Superior Industrial Bureau
 
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more at http://news.quickfound.net/cities/minneapolis.html How taconite will save Minnesota iron mining. "Produced to reassure Minnesotans that iron mining would continue to spur economic development." Public domain film from the Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Range The Iron Range is an informal and unofficially designated region that makes up the northeastern section of Minnesota in the United States. It is a region with multiple distinct bands of iron ore. The far eastern area, containing the Duluth Complex along the shore of Lake Superior, and the far northern area, along the Canadian border, of the region are not associated with iron ore mining. Due to its shape, the area is collectively referred to as the Arrowhead region of the state. The area consists of seven counties: Aitkin, Carlton, Cook, Itasca, Koochiching, Lake, and Saint Louis... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesabi_Range The Mesabi Iron Range is a vast deposit of iron ore and the largest of four major iron ranges in the region collectively known as the Iron Range of Minnesota. Discovered in 1866, it is the chief deposit of iron ore in the United States. The deposit is located in northeast Minnesota, largely in Itasca and Saint Louis counties. It was extensively worked in the earlier part of the 20th century. Extraction operations declined throughout the mid-1970s but rebounded in 2005. China's growing demand for iron, along with the falling value of the US dollar versus other world currencies, have made taconite production profitable again, and some mines that had closed have been reopened, while current mines have been expanded... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taconite Taconite is a variety of iron formation, an iron-bearing (over 15% iron) sedimentary rock, in which the iron minerals are interlayered with quartz, chert, or carbonate. Newton Horace Winchell, the Minnesota State Geologist, coined the term during his pioneering investigations of the Precambrian Biwabik Iron Formation of northeastern Minnesota. He noted the rock had a superficial resemblance to iron-bearing rocks from the Taconic Mountains of New York. The iron content of taconite, commonly present as finely dispersed magnetite, is generally 25 to 30%.... In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States was mining such an abundance of iron ore of high quality that taconite was considered an uneconomic waste product. By the end of World War II, however, much of the high-grade iron ore in the United States had been exhausted. Taconite became valued as a new source of the metal... The Mesabi Iron Range region of the American state of Minnesota is a major production area. The taconite iron ore pellets are hauled by railroad to the ports of Silver Bay, Two Harbors and the Twin Ports of Duluth, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin, all on Lake Superior. The docks at Escanaba, Michigan, on Lake Michigan, also ship taconite from the Marquette iron range in Michigan, and occasionally ore from Minnesota is hauled by rail there. Marquette, Michigan also has a taconite dock which also loads bulk freighters with ore from the Marquette iron range. The ore is generally shipped by lake freighters to locations on the lower Great Lakes. Many steelmaking centers are located near Lake Erie. Due to increased international demand, taconite is shipped to Mexico and China...
Views: 4863 Jeff Quitney
Electroforming - Photo Chemical Etching - Laser Parts- VECO
 
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Another preferred supplier that you will find at a design-2-part tradeshow. D2P.com Veco Precision USA - 781 999 1757 This amazing technology will grow your parts! Electroforming is a method to produce metal parts by precise deposition of metals onto patterned substrates. Its uniqueness is that you can grow metal parts atom by atom, providing absolute accuracy and high aspect ratios. Its an additive manufacturing process! Once you’ve discovered the benefits of electroforming, a whole new world of opportunities opens up. What if you could produce, atom by atom, stress- and burr-free precision metal parts with micron scale accuracy? It would give you the opportunity to raise the bar on precision, tolerance, cost-effectiveness and the capability to withstand higher temperatures. Key benefits: Additive manufacturing process (atom by atom) High aspect ratio Accurate hole size Micron sized holes Non clogging holes Burr and stress free Sharp edges Straight side walls Highly cost effective method for prototyping, small and (very) large series Applications: Encoder disks sugar screen ink jet nozzle plates solar cell stencils lead frames shaver foils and so much more.... Electroforming is an additive manufacturing process specialized for the production of high precision metal parts. Its uniqueness is that you can grow metal parts atom by atom, providing accurate and high aspect ratios. An electrolytic bath is used in this process to deposit metal (nickel, gold, copper) onto a conductive patterned surface; this can be steel or glass. The electroformed part can be harvested from the mandrel, once the material is plated in the desired thickness. The electroforming process allows extreme precise duplication of the mandrel. The high resolution of the conductive patterned substrate allows finer geometries, tighter tolerances and superior edge definition. This results in perfect process control, high quality production and very high repeatability. This makes electroforming perfect suitable for low cost production and high volumes. Additional services Surface finishing and plating. With our own on-site world class plating facility we can further provide a full plating and metal finishing service: Gold plating, Silver Plating, Nickel, Electroless Nickel, Tin (Bright or Matt), Anodising and Blackening are a few of the services we provide. Call us to discuss your needs. In-house forming and assembly service. Forming and assembly services available include doming, punching, framing and bending. Examples of the services are framed test sieves, pressure leaf filters and RFI shielding components for the electronics industry.
Views: 2103 Design2PartTradeShow
Gold & Silver...Plot to Collapse the Precious Metals Mining Industry?
 
09:39
Please subscribe to receive latest information: Apologies for the video quality...Banks and global governments are acquiring physical gold and silver at alarming rates. Are they attempting acquisition of the Gold & Silver mining industries? Is their goal to completely control production and distribution of precious metals? The UN's NWO agenda is to enslave the global population....slaves have no ownership rights to ANYTHING of VALUE! The PTB's never fail to disappoint coming up with schemes undreamed of. Links: Yahoo finance: http://finance.yahoo.com/echarts?s=SLV+Interactive#symbol=slv;range=1y;compare=^dji;indicator=volume;charttype=area;crosshair=on;ohlcvalues=0;logscale=off;source=undefined; Northwest Territorial Mint: http://bullion.nwtmint.com/spot-price-charts.php Munkee dot com: http://www.munknee.com/2011/07/sprott-shocking-shenanigans-in-paper-vs-physical-silver-market/ Implode Meter Blog: http://blog.ml-implode.com/2012/05/the-big-lies-regarding-precious-metals-miners/ Gold/Silver Price Ratio Getting Silly Again: http://www.bullionbullscanada.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=23712:goldsilver-price-ratio-getting-silly-again&catid=42:rokstories Paper To Physical Silver Manipulation: http://www.roadtoroota.com/public/633.cfm Gregory Mannarino: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=laI2aSzew5Q
Views: 677 Level9News
Huge Silver Mine Reports 120% Increase At $9.75 An Ounce!
 
07:08
Count the clear throats, hiccups and burps! Donate: https://www.paypal.me/SalivateMetal Merchandise:https://teespring.com/stores/salivate-metal Buy Salivate Metal rounds here: http://qualitysilverbullion.com/product-category/salivate-metal/ Bitcoin:14RZD6XGGv4RFMyTTbPndmuYBWTc5w1Sm6 Ethereum:0x98E741Abf6D70ed1e6b3C97203a1B72414F1D6ad Litecoin:LfgL5D7Wvtknagbn2WuCcXasAfquzv2CGB
Views: 10494 SalivateMetal
Mining Expert Says Major Gold Jackpot In Australia Is Legitimate
 
07:13
Earlier this week Toronto-based junior miner Royal Nickel Corp. (TSX: RNX) discovered a “mother lode” of gold in Australia, totaling about 9,250 ounces. While some experts and geologists remain skeptical that the story is legitimate, Dave Forest, geologist and editor at Casey Research, said that it is entirely possible. “It seems that the gold is certainly there,” Forest told Kitco News. “It took everybody by surprise, even management, it seems like. It highlights that gold deposits are very difficult to ascertain.” On the gold mining sector, Forest noted that although the general investment sentiment is low, there have been a rising number of private deals taking place. “Insiders are investing in and buying gold projects, at the same time as the wider investing public is giving up on the sector, so to me, that’s a very interesting disconnect,” he said. _________________________________________________________________ Kitco News is the world’s #1 source of metals market information. Our videos feature interviews with prominent industry figures to bring you market-affecting insights, with the goal of helping people make informed investment decisions. Subscribe to our channel to stay up to date on the latest insights moving the metals markets. For more breaking news, visit http://www.kitco.com/ Follow us on social media: Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/KitcoNews/?ref=br_rs Twitter - https://twitter.com/kitconewsnow Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/116266490328854474588 StockTwits - https://stocktwits.com/kitconews Live gold price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/gold-price-today-usa/ Live silver price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/silver-price-today-usa/ Don’t forget to sign up for Kitco News’ Weekly Roundup – comes out every Friday to recap the hottest stories & videos of the week: https://connect.kitco.com/subscription/newsletter.html Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: https://gold-forum.kitco.com/ Disclaimer: Videos are not trading advice and the views expressed may not reflect those of Kitco Metals Inc.
Views: 5624 Kitco NEWS
Have We Reached Peak Silver? - Hecla CEO Weighs In
 
02:11
A lack of silver exploration in the last 30 years has caused silver production to reach a peak, said Phil Baker, CEO of Hecla Mining. “I would characterize it as having reached a peak level of silver production,” Baker told Kitco News on the sidelines of the BMO Global Metals & Mining Conference. “There hasn’t been an exploration, certainly in the lead and zinc area, and so there is a continued coming deficit.” Baker noted that silver has demand from new applications that have come into existence in the last 20 years, such as photovoltaic cells, and film equipment. _______________________________________________________________ Kitco News is the world’s #1 source of metals market information. Our videos feature interviews with prominent industry figures to bring you market-affecting insights, with the goal of helping people make informed investment decisions. Subscribe to our channel to stay up to date on the latest insights moving the metals markets. For more breaking news, visit http://www.kitco.com/ Follow us on social media: Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/KitcoNews/?ref=br_rs Twitter - https://twitter.com/kitconewsnow Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/116266490328854474588 StockTwits - https://stocktwits.com/kitconews Live gold price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/gold-price-today-usa/ Live silver price and charts: http://www.kitco.com/silver-price-today-usa/ Don’t forget to sign up for Kitco News’ Weekly Roundup – comes out every Friday to recap the hottest stories & videos of the week: https://connect.kitco.com/subscription/newsletter.html Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: https://gold-forum.kitco.com/ Disclaimer: Videos are not trading advice and the views expressed may not reflect those of Kitco Metals Inc.
Views: 3143 Kitco NEWS
Silver and Gold Production Plummets As Proven Reserves Of Precious Metals Disappear.
 
11:04
Some of the worlds largest Gold and silver mines have seen dramatic declines in production. Exploration has almost stopped as experts believe we have found all the gold. We have seen declines all over the world as grades drop and cost of production skyrockets.
Views: 11865 Silver Report Uncut
Global Silver Mine Production Drops in 2016 for First Time in 14 Years
 
03:13
Global Silver Mine Production Drops in 2016 for First Time in 14 Years | http://www.themorganreport.com (New York City – May 11, 2017) Global silver mine production in 2016 recorded its first decline since 2002, largely the result of lower by-product output from the lead/zinc and gold sectors. Coupled with less silver scrap supply to the market, which posted its lowest level since 1996, as well as a contraction in producer hedging, total silver supply decreased by 32.6 million ounces (Moz) in 2016. Moreover, new highs were recorded for silver’s use in the photovoltaic and ethylene oxide sectors, both growing and significant industrial applications for silver. These findings, and other key components of the silver market, are discussed in World Silver Survey 2017, released today by the Silver Institute and produced on its behalf by the GFMS Team at Thomson Reuters (GFMS). Read more here... https://goo.gl/XxS4wX I've Been Helping My Subscribers Weather the Current Economic Mess. Now I Invite You to Join My Growing Circle of Successful Investors. The Morgan Report is all about YOU and how you can build and preserve Wealth for generations to come. We know it can sometimes seem a daunting task to protect your assets and preserve or grow your wealth. Over 15 years ago, a small group of us started The Morgan Report and formed an exclusive membership organization to promote personal freedom, an honest money system, free market wealth accumulation and asset protection. Thus was born The Morgan Report - since then we've helped 11,000-plus members scattered over the globe in every continent and over 100,000+ e-newsletter subscribers have read our weekly e-newsletter -- This Week's View from The Morgan Report. Through our publication, The Morgan Report, we provide you with ways to achieve greater financial security and wealth in all sorts of environments. Please subscribe to this channel and share with your friends--- Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/user/silverguru Resources: Learn more and become an insider for The Morgan Report, click link below... http://www.themorganreport.com/join Automatically save in gold and silver. Plus you can make money when you promote buying gold and silver with this affiliate program: http://www.Silver123.net Second Chance: How To Make And Keep Big Money From The Coming Gold And Silver Shock-Wave http://www.thebooksecondchance.com/ The Silver Manifesto: Buy the book to enhance your knowledge and investing skill. http://www.TheSilverManifesto.com Want or need to talk to David directly? Consultations available here... http://www.themorganreport.com/consultation Free weekly e-letter: http://www.themorganreport.com/joinfreelist Join The Morgan Report on our other social networks: Blog: http://www.silver-investor.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/silverguru22 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheMorganReport Still have questions? E-mail support@silver-investor.com What we do for you -- The Morgan Report is based upon your needs and involvement in the precious metals and resource sector. Because we cover far more than just silver anyone looking for insights, strategies, and profits in the resource sector have found the membership valuable. In a very general way TMR provides information on Money, Metals and Mining to maximize that 10% to 20% allocation to precious metals through maximizing the risk to reward profile. Our Premium Service is best suited to the serious and experienced investor that wants to look over my shoulder as I trade and invest in these markets. Watch a video about The Morgan Report https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hYjOWZEP0k
Views: 2467 The Morgan Report
Credit Assessment on EMEA Metals & Mining
 
06:29
Pavle Sabic FRM, Application Specialist discusses S&P Capital IQ's credit assessment on EMEA Metals & Mining Industry using specific creditworthiness models, country risk assessments and time-saving dashboard
Views: 92 Pavle Sabic
Aluminum on the March 1956 Reynolds Metals
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ Aluminum production process including mining bauxite in Arkansas and Jamaica, shipping Jamaican ore from Ocho Rios, reduction of the bauxite at plants in the US., and manufacturing of aluminum ingots and forming aluminum sheets and custom parts. Animated intro is similar to contemporary Lucky Strike and Rheingold beer commercials. "How aluminum contributes to everyday living and national defense: appliances, packaging, airplanes, etc. With great stop-motion animation." NEW VERSION with improved video & sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2BW_8zqzY6k Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archive, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and equalization. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aluminium Aluminium... is a silvery white member of the boron group of chemical elements. It has the symbol Al, and its atomic number is 13. It is not soluble in water under normal circumstances. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth's crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth's solid surface. Aluminium metal is too reactive chemically to occur natively. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals. The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite. Aluminium is remarkable for the metal's low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas of transportation and structural materials. The most useful compounds of aluminium, at least on a weight basis, are the oxides and sulfates... Physical Aluminium is a soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, depending on the surface roughness. Aluminium is nonmagnetic and does not easily ignite. A fresh film of aluminium film serves as a good reflector (approximately 92%) of visible light and an excellent reflector (as much as 98%) of medium and far infrared radiation. The yield strength of pure aluminium is 7--11 MPa, while aluminium alloys have yield strengths ranging from 200 MPa to 600 MPa. Aluminium has about one-third the density and stiffness of steel. It is easily machined, cast, drawn and extruded. Corrosion resistance can be excellent due to a thin surface layer of aluminium oxide that forms when the metal is exposed to air, effectively preventing further oxidation. The strongest aluminium alloys are less corrosion resistant due to galvanic reactions with alloyed copper. This corrosion resistance is also often greatly reduced when many aqueous salts are present, particularly in the presence of dissimilar metals. Aluminium atoms are arranged in a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure. Aluminium has a stacking-fault energy of approximately 200 mJ/m2... Aluminium mirror finish has the highest reflectance of any metal in the 200--400 nm (UV) and the 3,000--10,000 nm (far IR) regions; in the 400--700 nm visible range it is slightly outperformed by tin and silver and in the 700--3000 (near IR) by silver, gold, and copper. Aluminium is a good thermal and electrical conductor, having 59% the conductivity of copper, both thermal and electrical. Aluminium is capable of being a superconductor, with a superconducting critical temperature of 1.2 Kelvin and a critical magnetic field of about 100 gauss (10 milliteslas)... Aluminium forms strong chemical bonds with oxygen. Compared to most other metals, it is difficult to extract from ore, such as bauxite, due to the energy required to reduce aluminium oxide (Al2O3)... Aluminium electrolysis with the Hall-Héroult process consumes a lot of energy, but alternative processes were always found to be less viable economically and/or ecologically... In 2005, the People's Republic of China was the top producer of aluminium with almost a one-fifth world share, followed by Russia, Canada, and the USA, reports the British Geological Survey... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynolds_Group_Holdings The Reynolds Metals Company was founded in 1919 as the U.S. Foil Company in Louisville, Kentucky by Richard S. Reynolds, Sr., a nephew of tobacco king R. J. Reynolds. Initially, the new company supplied lead and tin foil wrappers to cigarette and candy companies. In 1924, the U.S. Foil purchased the manufacturer of Eskimo Pies, which were wrapped in foil. In 1928, Reynolds purchased Robertshaw Thermostat, Fulton Sylphon, and part of Beechnut Foil, adding them to U.S. Foil to create Reynolds Metals. In 1931 the company headquarters was moved to New York City and in 1938 the headquarters was moved again to Richmond, Virginia. The company began producing aluminum foil for packaging in 1926.
Views: 9077 Jeff Quitney
Gold and Platinum Ratios as a Precious Metals Trading Indicator
 
05:58
This video takes a look at the price and production ratios of gold to platinum, measuring the price of each metal relative to each other as well as the production supply of each metal on a relative basis. This information can be used to construct a variety of trading strategies, as well as shed light on the sentiment of the market and underlying trends that may be worth considering. Learn more about investing in precious metals in the precious metals section of our University: http://www.informedtrades.com/f417/ Compare precious metals dealers here: http://www.informedtrades.com/f227/
Views: 809 InformedTrades
Silver Shortage Approaching, Metals Mining Sector Explained by Resource Expert Gwen Preston
 
26:16
Get an Insider's View on the Gold Stocks to Invest in NOW: http://CrushTheStreet.com/Insider GUEST: http://ResourceMaven.ca RELATED INTERVIEW with Rick Rule Just Released: http://www.futuremoneytrends.com/trend-videos/interviews/rick-rule-feb-2016-interview-goldsilver-bear-bull-market-now ABOUT GWEN: Gwen Preston is the Resource Maven. Years as a mining journalist gave her a deep base of knowledge and a broad network of contacts in the resource sector. She understands which projects and pieces of news matter. She understands what it takes for a project to advance along the exploration-development-production path and what opportunities each stage offers. She knows how the metals markets work, alone and within the global economy, and how to profit from commodity cycles.
Views: 4283 FutureMoneyTrends.com
Silver To Rally As Production Drops For First Time in 14 Years? - GFMS
 
05:10
Global silver mine production in 2016 recorded its first decline since 2002, largely as a result of lower by‐product output from the lead, zinc, and gold sectors – this according to the latest study by an organization committed to the metal’s cause, the Silver Institute. In collaboration with Thomson Reuters GFMS, the institute released its annual World Silver Survey on Thursday, which also showed that silver scrap supply posted its lowest level since 1996 while total silver supply decreased by 32.6 million ounces in 2016. GFMS’ lead metals analyst Johann Wiebe joins Kitco News in studio to share some of the report’s key findings as well as to give his outlook on the metal’s price. Don’t forget to sign up for Kitco News’ Weekly Roundup – comes out every Friday to recap the hottest stories & videos of the week: https://connect.kitco.com/subscription/newsletter.html Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: https://gold-forum.kitco.com/ -- Or join the conversation on social media: @KitcoNewsNOW on Twitter: https://twitter.com/kitconewsnow --- Kitco News on Facebook: http://facebook.com/kitconews --- Kitco News on Google+: http://google.com/+kitco --- Kitco News on StockTwits: http://stocktwits.com/kitconews
Views: 4762 Kitco NEWS
Silver should be $120 RIGHT NOW from Silver to Gold Mining Ratio - Keith Neumeyer, Silver Mining CEO
 
28:06
Learn More about this Incredible Silver Investment Opportunity: http://FutureMoneyTrends.com/InvestRight Visit & Invest in Keith Neumeyer's Companies: First Mining Finance: TSXV: FF - OTC: FFMGF - FirstMiningFinance.com First Majestic Silver: NYSE: AG - TSXV: FR - FirstMajestic.com TOPICS IN THIS INTERVIEW: 00:05 Introduction to Keith Neumeyer & Current Gold/Silver/Mining Sector 02:15 So Many People & Big Names Buying Keith's Companies 03:50 This Current Bull Market Vs Past Cycles 04:20 First Mining Finance Founding 06:00 We've Definitely Seen the Bottom in Gold/Silver/Mining 06:30 This is the First Correction for the Bull Market 09:45 Silver Market Price is about to Kickoff 11:00 First Mining Finance 2015 VS 2016 in Acquisitions & Partnerships 14:00 What Pushes Gold/Silver/Mining Higher; Why QE Was Deflationary? 16:50 Silver Demand is at Records Today Despite Lower Price than 2011 18:10 If Gold Hits $10,000 Silver Would be About $1,000 19:40 Electronics Manufacturing Company asking to Bid on First Majestic's Silver 20:20 Could Silver be Worth More than Gold Someday? 21:00 Gold:Silver price ratio sould be 10:1 21:35 First Majestic Silver Up 380% in 2016, First Mining Finance Up 130% For more reasons to invest in Silver, see our recent Documentaries: http://www.futuremoneytrends.com/trend-videos/documentaries/100-silver-2017-500-gains-documentary http://www.futuremoneytrends.com/trend-videos/documentaries/silver-break-50-2016
Views: 7138 VisionVictory
Steelmaking "The Drama of Steel" pt1-3 1946 Bureau of Mines Iron Mine to Steel Mill
 
14:36
more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ NEW VERSION in one piece instead of multiple parts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4a3CjMjwzk "This documentary film starts with the history of the steelmaking process, explaining the operation of the blast furnace and the open hearth furnace. It goes on to cover the mining of ore and limestone, transportation and coking of coal, open hearth and rolling mill operations, and plating and finishing. In addition, it also illustrates many of the applications of steel mill products. The film is partly animated." Public domain film from the National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). Split with MKVmerge GUI (part of MKVToolNix), the same software can recombine the downloaded parts (in mp4 format): http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/doc/mkvmerge-gui.html part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AhadGxJrHB4 part 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UHSy-3nOwqU http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steelmaking Steelmaking is the second step in producing steel from iron ore. In this stage, impurities such as sulfur, phosphorus, and excess carbon are removed from the raw iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium and vanadium are added to produce the exact steel required. Older processes The earliest means of producing steel was in a bloomery. Early modern methods of producing steel were often labour-intensive and highly skilled arts... An important aspect of the industrial revolution was the development of large-scale methods of producing forgeable metal (bar iron or steel). The puddling furnace was initially a means of producing wrought iron, but was later applied to steel production. The real revolution in steelmaking only began at the end of the 1850s. The Bessemer process was the first successful method of steelmaking in quantity, followed by the open hearth furnace. Modern processes Modern steelmaking processes are broken into two categories: primary and secondary steelmaking. Primary steelmaking uses mostly new iron as the feedstock, usually from a blast furnace. Secondary steelmaking uses scrap steel as the primary raw material. Gases created during the production of steel can be used as a source of power. Primary steelmaking Basic oxygen steelmaking is a method of primary steelmaking in which carbon-rich molten pig iron is made into steel. Blowing oxygen through molten pig iron lowers the carbon content of the alloy and changes it into low-carbon steel. The process is known as basic due to the pH of the refractories—calcium oxide and magnesium oxide—that line the vessel to withstand the high temperature of molten metal. The process was developed in 1948 by Robert Durrer and commercialized in 1952--1953 by Austrian VOEST and ÖAMG. The LD converter, named after the Austrian towns Linz and Donawitz (a district of Leoben) is a refined version of the Bessemer converter where blowing of air is replaced with blowing oxygen. It reduced capital cost of the plants, time of smelting, and increased labor productivity. Between 1920 and 2000, labor requirements in the industry decreased by a factor of 1,000, from more than 3 worker-hours per tonne to just 0.003. The vast majority of steel manufactured in the world is produced using the basic oxygen furnace; in 2000, it accounted for 60% of global steel output. Modern furnaces will take a charge of iron of up to 350 tons and convert it into steel in less than 40 minutes, compared to 10--12 hours in an open hearth furnace. Secondary steelmaking Secondary steelmaking is most commonly performed in an electric arc furnace. HIsarna steelmaking The HIsarna steelmaking process is a process for primary steelmaking in which iron ore is processed almost directly into steel. The process is based around a new type of blast furnace called a Cyclone Converter Furnace, which makes it possible to skip the process of manufacturing pig iron pellets that is necessary for the basic oxygen steelmaking process. Without the necessity for this preparatory step the HIsarna process is more energy-efficient and has a lower carbon footprint than traditional steelmaking processes...
Views: 6361 Jeff Quitney
Commodity-TV: Low-cost Russian Platinum Mine Begins Production in 2016
 
07:28
Eurasia Mining: Low-cost Russian Platinum Mine Begins Production in 2016. Interview with Managing Director & CEO Christian Schaffalitzky.
Views: 1156 ResourceCapitalAG
Steelmaking "The Drama of Steel" pt3-3 1946 Bureau of Mines Iron Mine to Steel Mill
 
04:52
more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ NEW VERSION in one piece instead of multiple parts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4a3CjMjwzk "This documentary film starts with the history of the steelmaking process, explaining the operation of the blast furnace and the open hearth furnace. It goes on to cover the mining of ore and limestone, transportation and coking of coal, open hearth and rolling mill operations, and plating and finishing. In addition, it also illustrates many of the applications of steel mill products. The film is partly animated." Public domain film from the National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). Split with MKVmerge GUI (part of MKVToolNix), the same software can recombine the downloaded parts (in mp4 format): http://www.bunkus.org/videotools/mkvtoolnix/doc/mkvmerge-gui.html part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YV9mMYUkERU part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AhadGxJrHB4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steelmaking Steelmaking is the second step in producing steel from iron ore. In this stage, impurities such as sulfur, phosphorus, and excess carbon are removed from the raw iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium and vanadium are added to produce the exact steel required. Older processes The earliest means of producing steel was in a bloomery. Early modern methods of producing steel were often labour-intensive and highly skilled arts... An important aspect of the industrial revolution was the development of large-scale methods of producing forgeable metal (bar iron or steel). The puddling furnace was initially a means of producing wrought iron, but was later applied to steel production. The real revolution in steelmaking only began at the end of the 1850s. The Bessemer process was the first successful method of steelmaking in quantity, followed by the open hearth furnace. Modern processes Modern steelmaking processes are broken into two categories: primary and secondary steelmaking. Primary steelmaking uses mostly new iron as the feedstock, usually from a blast furnace. Secondary steelmaking uses scrap steel as the primary raw material. Gases created during the production of steel can be used as a source of power. Primary steelmaking Basic oxygen steelmaking is a method of primary steelmaking in which carbon-rich molten pig iron is made into steel. Blowing oxygen through molten pig iron lowers the carbon content of the alloy and changes it into low-carbon steel. The process is known as basic due to the pH of the refractories—calcium oxide and magnesium oxide—that line the vessel to withstand the high temperature of molten metal. The process was developed in 1948 by Robert Durrer and commercialized in 1952--1953 by Austrian VOEST and ÖAMG. The LD converter, named after the Austrian towns Linz and Donawitz (a district of Leoben) is a refined version of the Bessemer converter where blowing of air is replaced with blowing oxygen. It reduced capital cost of the plants, time of smelting, and increased labor productivity. Between 1920 and 2000, labor requirements in the industry decreased by a factor of 1,000, from more than 3 worker-hours per tonne to just 0.003. The vast majority of steel manufactured in the world is produced using the basic oxygen furnace; in 2000, it accounted for 60% of global steel output. Modern furnaces will take a charge of iron of up to 350 tons and convert it into steel in less than 40 minutes, compared to 10--12 hours in an open hearth furnace. Secondary steelmaking Secondary steelmaking is most commonly performed in an electric arc furnace. HIsarna steelmaking The HIsarna steelmaking process is a process for primary steelmaking in which iron ore is processed almost directly into steel. The process is based around a new type of blast furnace called a Cyclone Converter Furnace, which makes it possible to skip the process of manufacturing pig iron pellets that is necessary for the basic oxygen steelmaking process. Without the necessity for this preparatory step the HIsarna process is more energy-efficient and has a lower carbon footprint than traditional steelmaking processes...
Views: 3507 Jeff Quitney
Is Harry Dent Right - GOLD MASSIVE BUBBLE ?????????
 
06:33
100% FREE Crush The Market Trading Course http://freewbstraining.com Book A 1 Hour Coaching Call https://goo.gl/krN8KV The Flow Of Success Book here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01NGZ3RQ7/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1482455770&sr=8-2&keywords=flow+of+success Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Sharetradingmastery/ Tags: gold, silver, gold and silver, silver and gold, gold stocks, stocks, silver price, gold silver, gold mining stocks, silver to gold ratio, mining stocks, gold price, stock market, precious metals, bullion, buy gold, federal reserve, commodities, silver bullion, buy silver, investing, invest, dollar, peter schiff, bitcoin, economic collapse, inflation, stock, money Customer Notice – Past performance – Future performance The past performance of this product is not and should not be taken as an indication of future performance. Caution should be exercised in assessing past performance. This product, like all other financial products, is subject to market forces and unpredictable events that may adversely affect future performance. The future performance of this product is not and should not be taken as an indication of current or past performance. Caution should be exercised in assessing future claims of performance, as these are based on assumptions. This product, like all other financial products, is subject to market forces and unpredictable events that may adversely affect future performance. The information contained in on this page is education only. Any advice is general advice only. Neither your personal objectives, financial situation nor needs have been taken into consideration. Accordingly you should consider how appropriate the advice (if any) is to those objectives, financial situation and needs, before acting on the advice.
Views: 7852 John Howell
Waterfall Stock Decline Ahead
 
27:52
Get Trading Recommendations and Read Analysis on TheMorganReport.com for just $50 per month. David Morgan says the U.S. stock market is in a downtrend. A waterfall decline is possible. Gold and silver are still in consolidation. However, the gold/silver ratio is coming down. And both metals continue to make higher lows. Morgan expects a move to the upside. Is silver in a deficit? This depends on your definition of "deficit." The truth is, the above ground inventory of silver is growing. Morgan predicts people will move into precious metals when the financial system starts to collapse. However, many believe gold and silver are obsolete. Morgan disagrees, but acknowledges he could be wrong. For that reason he's not putting all his eggs in one basket. Studies show that the optimal amount of precious metals in one's portfolio is 20 to 25 percent. I've Been Helping My Subscribers Weather the Current Economic Mess. Now I Invite You to Join My Growing Circle of Successful Investors. The Morgan Report is all about YOU and how you can build and preserve Wealth for generations to come. We know it can sometimes seem a daunting task to protect your assets and preserve or grow your wealth. Over 15 years ago, a small group of us started The Morgan Report and formed an exclusive membership organization to promote personal freedom, an honest money system, free market wealth accumulation and asset protection. Thus was born The Morgan Report - since then we've helped 11,000-plus members scattered over the globe in every continent and over 100,000+ e-newsletter subscribers have read our weekly e-newsletter -- This Week's View from The Morgan Report. Through our publication, The Morgan Report, we provide you with ways to achieve greater financial security and wealth in all sorts of environments. Please subscribe to this channel and share with your friends--- Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/user/silverguru Resources: Learn more and become an insider for The Morgan Report, click link below... http://www.themorganreport.com/join Automatically save in gold and silver. Plus you can make money when you promote buying gold and silver with this affiliate program: http://www.Silver123.net Second Chance: How To Make And Keep Big Money From The Coming Gold And Silver Shock-Wave http://www.thebooksecondchance.com/ The Silver Manifesto: Buy the book to enhance your knowledge and investing skill. http://www.TheSilverManifesto.com Want or need to talk to David directly? Consultations available here... http://www.themorganreport.com/consultation Free weekly e-letter: http://www.themorganreport.com/joinfreelist Join The Morgan Report on our other social networks: Blog: http://www.silver-investor.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/silverguru22 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheMorganReport Still have questions? E-mail support@silver-investor.com What we do for you -- The Morgan Report is based upon your needs and involvement in the precious metals and resource sector. Because we cover far more than just silver anyone looking for insights, strategies, and profits in the resource sector have found the membership valuable. In a very general way TMR provides information on Money, Metals and Mining to maximize that 10% to 20% allocation to precious metals through maximizing the risk to reward profile. Our Premium Service is best suited to the serious and experienced investor that wants to look over my shoulder as I trade and invest in these markets. Watch a video about The Morgan Report https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hYjOWZEP0k
Views: 2810 The Morgan Report
Precious Metals Stuck In Purgatory? Austrian Economist Ronald Stoeferle Gives his Take
 
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Subscribe to our Free Financial Newsletter: http://crushthestreet.com With China coming out and releasing their gold reserves numbers, much action has taken place in the precious metals. To understand China's intentions and to explore the precious metals arena, we interviewed Austrian economist Ronni Stöferle, and he shared his wisdom with the precious metals sector and mining companies. Ronni shares some unbelievable facts that truly show that the mining sector is incredibly undervalued at the moment. Right now, the 16 largest gold and silver miners added up have a total market cap of $55 billion U.S. dollars. All these companies together make up nearly 80% of total mining production each year. Just to put this into perspective, Apple Inc. currently has nearly $200 billion in cash and could buy the top 16 mining companies outright 4 times over with just the cash sitting in their bank account. This doesn't mean prices can't go lower, but it does exemplify how bad things have gotten and that value is here in this sector. Read Full Transcript: http://www.crushthestreet.com/videos/live-interviews/precious-metals-mixed-picture ****************************************************************** PLAYLISTS Economic Crisis News: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4DMn1nyPjpb_3Zvvos57a9XqyPme6IfK Mini-Documentaries: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4DMn1nyPjpZTB8EhZSLx4c7Ie27h3OXO Interviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL2B8AD5F409632975 ******************************************************************** CRUSHTHESTREET.COM Your Trusted Source for Money Trends & Market Updates! CrushTheStreet.com is an alternative financial and economic news website dedicated to the search for truth in today's markets. We want to help you preserve and expand your wealth through conventional and some unconventional means. We study the markets and provide tips on current and future trends to look out for. Crush The Street is constantly on the prowl for investment ideas and trends that you can profit from. We spend countless hours delving through the markets, economics, and politics through the eyes of unconventional wisdom. We do this so we can provide to you the most up to date information in our email alerts that go out multiple times a week. Our members receive regular updates on hot stocks, market updates, and featured videos. We also produce, on a periodic basis, high quality mini-documentaries on economic topics, trends, and real life experiences to reveal the truth on Main St. that may not be what you are fed from the mainstream media or Wall Street.
Views: 1549 Crush The Street
Gold: Physical & Mining, Big Insiders Coming In - Amir Adnani Interview
 
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Subscribe to our Free Financial Newsletter: http://FutureMoneyTrends.com We're super stoked to have back on the show after much waiting Mr. Amir Adnani of GoldMining Inc (formerly Brazil Resources) one of the companies we've been discussing since the beginning of the bear market who survived the tough times and is now poised to profit BIG after surviving so wonderfully where other companies failed. We detail the future of the company as well as the incredible diversity of their whole portfolio; you will NOT find another company and man like this and maybe not a better time to be investing. TOPICS IN THIS INTERVIEW: 01:35 Gold Market: To Trust or Not to Trust? 03:25 Big insiders are getting in Now 06:55 Amir's expertise & Team: UEC & GoldMining Inc 12:30 GoldMining's excellent diverse assets 16:55 Uranium project joint venture potential 21:55 GoldMining's future development plan 25:25 Learn More about GoldMining Inc
Views: 20785 FutureMoneyTrends.com
How Copper is Mined and Refined: "Copper Mining and Smelting" 1949 Viking Pictures
 
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more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ 'ACCOUNT OF AN OPEN-PIT COPPER MINE IN OPERATION. ILLUSTRATES THE MAIN STEPS IN EXTRACTING PURE COPPER FROM ORE. PICTURES THE PROCESSES OF BLASTING, LOADING and DISPOSING OF WASTE ROCK, LOADING ORE IN RAILROAD CARS, CRUSHING and WASHING.' see also: Bingham Canyon Copper Mine, Utah http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7E779kues8&list=PL33B1A9216BB65F7A&index=18 Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Pure copper is soft and malleable; an exposed surface has a reddish-orange tarnish. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, a building material, and a constituent of various metal alloys. The metal and its alloys have been used for thousands of years. In the Roman era, copper was principally mined on Cyprus, hence the origin of the name of the metal as сyprium (metal of Cyprus), later shortened to сuprum. Its compounds are commonly encountered as copper(II) salts, which often impart blue or green colors to minerals such as turquoise and have been widely used historically as pigments. Architectural structures built with copper corrode to give green verdigris (or patina). Decorative art prominently features copper, both by itself and as part of pigments. Copper(II) ions are water-soluble, where they function at low concentration as bacteriostatic substances, fungicides, and wood preservatives. In sufficient amounts, they are poisonous to higher organisms; at lower concentrations it is an essential trace nutrient to all higher plant and animal life. The main areas where copper is found in animals are tissues, liver, muscle and bone. Copper, silver and gold are in group 11 of the periodic table, and they share certain attributes: they have one s-orbital electron on top of a filled d-electron shell and are characterized by high ductility and electrical conductivity. The filled d-shells in these elements do not contribute much to the interatomic interactions, which are dominated by the s-electrons through metallic bonds. Contrary to metals with incomplete d-shells, metallic bonds in copper are lacking a covalent character and are relatively weak. This explains the low hardness and high ductility of single crystals of copper. At the macroscopic scale, introduction of extended defects to the crystal lattice, such as grain boundaries, hinders flow of the material under applied stress thereby increasing its hardness. For this reason, copper is usually supplied in a fine-grained polycrystalline form, which has greater strength than monocrystalline forms. The low hardness of copper partly explains its high electrical (59.6×106 S/m) and thus also high thermal conductivity, which are the second highest among pure metals at room temperature.[4] This is because the resistivity to electron transport in metals at room temperature mostly originates from scattering of electrons on thermal vibrations of the lattice, which are relatively weak for a soft metal.[2] The maximum permissible current density of copper in open air is approximately 3.1×106 A/m2 of cross-sectional area, above which it begins to heat excessively. As with other metals, if copper is placed against another metal, galvanic corrosion will occur. Together with osmium (bluish), and gold (yellow), copper is one of only three elemental metals with a natural color other than gray or silver. Pure copper is orange-red and acquires a reddish tarnish when exposed to air. The characteristic color of copper results from the electronic transitions between the filled 3d and half-empty 4s atomic shells... Most copper is mined or extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines in porphyry copper deposits that contain 0.4 to 1.0% copper. Examples include Chuquicamata in Chile, Bingham Canyon Mine in Utah, United States and El Chino Mine in New Mexico, United States. According to the British Geological Survey, in 2005, Chile was the top mine producer of copper with at least one-third world share followed by the United States, Indonesia and Peru. The amount of copper in use is increasing and the quantity available is barely sufficient to allow all countries to reach developed world levels of usage.
Views: 5761 Jeff Quitney
Another Chance: if You Missed $1,050 oz Gold in 2015  | Jesse Felder
 
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https://SDBullion.com (for related podcast charts, see link below) http://www.SilverDoctors.com/precious-metals-market-podcast CHARTS and cited Sources can be found below: https://sdbullion.com/blog/jesse-felder-gold-silver-us-housing-netflix-metals-and-markets-podcast This week for Metals & Markets we speak with Jesse Felder of TheFelderReport.com on the financial markets, FANGs, baby boomers still owning 2 of 5 US homes, and precious metal markets. As a long term value investor, Jesse has written and commented publicly over the past few years about what he believes is an undervalued gold market. He sees this latest price pullback as an opportunity for those who missed out in the late 2015 Gold Price action (when gold bottomed around $1,050 oz USD) to get into gold bullion and proven gold mining equities. Have a listen and a look at our discussion recorded at 11AM yesterday July 19, 2018 eastern standard time.
Views: 12531 SilverDoctors
Money & Metals with David Morgan - US Dollar Gets a Bruising - InvestmentPitch Media
 
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David Morgan is a widely recognized analyst in the precious metals industry and consults for hedge funds, high net worth investors, mining companies, depositories and bullion dealers. He is the publisher of The Morgan Report on Money, Metals and Mining. As publisher of The Morgan Report, David Morgan he has appeared on CNBC, Fox Business, and BNN in Canada. He has been interviewed by The Wall Street Journal, Futures Magazine, The Gold Report and numerous other publications. Special Offer: Join The Morgan Report Free for 30 Days... http://www.themorganreport.com/free
Views: 2319 The Morgan Report
CARTEL Manipulation & The Ultimate PHYSICAL Shortage
 
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On July 7th the United States Mint suspended American Silver Eagle sales, again. And this time, sales of the popular PHYSICAL precious metal coin won't resume until at least mid-August. And as the price of silver remains well below the cost of production for most of the world's primary silver miners, according to precious metals analyst Andy Hoffman, "We continue to see record worldwide demand and record low inventories." In this important interview, Max Porterfield, the CEO and President of Callinex Mines discusses the REALITY of the shortages of PHYSICAL precious AND base metals which is rapidly developing. Not mincing words, Porterfield freely address the elephant in the room that has been actively contributing to the destruction of the health of the mining sector for years: Wall Street paper manipulation of the precious metals. Porterfiled says, "You've got to ask yourself how is it legal that JP Morgan is solely responsible for 96% of all commodity derivatives, while Citigroup is single-handedly responsible for 70% of ALL precious metals derivatives?" Meanwhile, last week the bottom fell out of copper pushing the price of that important base metal down to a level not seen in 15 years. The danger with plummeting base metals prices is clear, fewer profitable BASE METAL mining companies will equate to lower overall base metals production, and more shortages. And as it pertains to the already tight PHYSICAL silver market in which most silver is a by-product of base metals mining, we can only expect far less PHYSICAL silver production in a market where demand is already outstripping supply by at least 200 million ounces per year. As India alone is on track to import 33% of ALL physical silver on earth in 2015 alone, it's clear that a perfect storm is shaping up... for the ultimate PHYSICAL metals shortage. For REAL News & Information 24/7: http://sgtreport.com/ http://thelibertymill.com/ Music: "The Complex" (http://www.incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons "Attribution 3.0" http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode The content in my videos and on the SGTbull07 - SGTreport.com channel are provided for informational purposes only. Use the information found in my videos as a starting point for conducting your own research and conduct your own due diligence (DD) BEFORE making any significant investing decisions. SGTbull07 - SGTreport.com assumes all information to be truthful and reliable; however, I cannot and do not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of this information. Thank you.
Views: 19594 SGTreport
2 Biggest Bubble Stocks
 
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100% Free – BRAND NEW Trading Course http://freewbstraining.com Book A 1 Hour Coaching Call ( 80% Off ) https://goo.gl/krN8KV The Flow Of Success Book here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01NGZ3RQ7/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1482455770&sr=8-2&keywords=flow+of+success Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Sharetradingmastery/ Tags: gold, silver, gold and silver, silver and gold, gold stocks, stocks, silver price, gold silver, gold mining stocks, silver to gold ratio, mining stocks, gold price, stock market, precious metals, bullion, buy gold, federal reserve, commodities, silver bullion, buy silver, investing, invest, dollar, peter schiff, bitcoin, economic collapse, inflation, stock, money Customer Notice – Past performance – Future performance The past performance of this product is not and should not be taken as an indication of future performance. Caution should be exercised in assessing past performance. This product, like all other financial products, is subject to market forces and unpredictable events that may adversely affect future performance. The future performance of this product is not and should not be taken as an indication of current or past performance. Caution should be exercised in assessing future claims of performance, as these are based on assumptions. This product, like all other financial products, is subject to market forces and unpredictable events that may adversely affect future performance. The information contained in on this page is education only. Any advice is general advice only. Neither your personal objectives, financial situation nor needs have been taken into consideration. Accordingly you should consider how appropriate the advice (if any) is to those objectives, financial situation and needs, before acting on the advice.
Views: 2040 John Howell
REALIST NEWS - Primary Silver Mining Company To Cut Production 25% In 2016
 
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Subscribe to my other channel The Political Gameshow: https://www.youtube.com/c/thepoliticalgameshow http://www.jmbullion.com (Recommended for Silver and Gold Purchases.) http://www.realistnews.net
Views: 5545 jsnip4
Mining Stocks Out of Whack - Kitco News @ Metals & Minerals Investment Conference
 
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Kitco News is covering the Metals and Minerals Investment Conference in New York City and discussed some of this year's highlights and market conditions with Jonathan Moore, senior vice president of the show. Moore says this event has become "really special," as people continue to digest what has happened recently in the commodities and mining sector. Moore says this conference will give people the opportunity to interact with key market players, who will provide some insight and talk about trends they see in the marketplace. Although mining stocks have been hit hard, Moore says there is still good value in this market, despite the fact that mining stocks are "out of whack" with commodity prices. He adds that these current price levels can create a lot of buying opportunity for investors. Moore highlights the guest speakers at the conference who include former presidential candidate, Ron Paul, who will present the conference's key note speech. Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: http://kitcomm.com -- Or join the conversation on social media: @KitcoNewsNOW on Twitter: http://twitter.com/kitconews --- Kitco News on Facebook: http://facebook.com/kitconews --- Kitco News on Google+: http://google.com/+kitco --- Kitco News on StockTwits: http://stocktwits.com/kitconews
Views: 1321 Kitco NEWS
STONE CRUSHER MANUFACTURER IN RAIPUR
 
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Views: 44 Ruby Mason
Cost of Silver Mining I: Cash Costs
 
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Discuss this with us on InformedTrades: http://www.informedtrades.com/776749-mining-costs-defined-1-cash-costs.html Learn more about mining stocks in the precious metals section of our University: http://www.informedtrades.com/f417/ Read reviews of newsletters covering mining stocks: http://bit.ly/IT-stocks
Views: 1643 InformedTrades